Mosin Nagant - M1891/30 Round Receiver

The M1891/30 Round Receiver was produced from the mid-1930s.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 with a Round Receiver

The M1891/30 with a round receiver was the most common version of the Mosin Nagant produced.  The M1891/30 incorporated several design changes, with the most visible being a barrel that was some 2.5” shorter and a rear sight housing that was not as arched.  The sight on the 1891 was actually calibrated in arshins, an archaic Russian measure equivalent to a pace and the 1891/30 changed to a sight calibrated in meters.

Many original M1891s where actually modified into M1891/30s and one can find rifles with stampings for both Imperial Russia and Soviet Russia on these guns.  However, the vast majority of 1891/30s were manufactured from the mid-1930s through the end of World War II, in 1945 and thus, new manufactured.

The original M1891 and the M1891/30 was produced with a distinctive hexagonal receiver until the mid-1930s.  In the mid-1930s, a switch was made to round receivers, which were used for all subsequent Mosin Nagant rifles and carbines.   Around 10 million Round receiver 1891/30 were made, making it by far the most common Mosin Nagant variant.

Great numbers of these guns were captured by Finland during the Winter War some had no changes, like the gun above, while others were restocked and re-barrelled.  The restocked and re-barrelled Finish versions are the most accurate Mosin Nagants ever made and were used into the 1970s.  The Finnish captured rifles have an SA in an oval stamped on the receiver.

Specifications

Version - Russian M1891/30 Round Receiver

Caliber - 7.62x54R (Rimmed 7.62x54mm).

Receiver - Milled round with the Cyrillic Markings and a stamp for the Tula (star with arrow) or Izhevsk (triangle with arrow) arsenals.  SA stamp, if present, indicates capture by the Finns.

Bolt - Chromed with a straight handle.

Barrel - 28.75”. 

Overall Length - 48.5"

Weight - 8.8 lbs.

Stocks - Wood (Sometimes Laminated).

Magazines - 5 rd integral box.

Sights - Notched Ladder and Post.

Bayonet - Detachable 16.9" Spike.  Rifle was almost 5’ 6” long with the 16.9” spike bayonet.

M1891/30 shown below a PU Sniper and above a M1938 Carbine, and M1944 Carbine

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