Nagant M1895 Revolver

The M1895 is a very unusual revolver that served the Russian and Soviet Empires from 1895 through World War II.


M1895 Nagant Officers Model showing its archaic design, even though this particular gun was produced in WW II.

The 1895 Nagant is one of the most unusual revolvers ever mass produced.  In spite of its unique gas seal system, it served Russia and the Soviet Union well for 50 years and had a reputation for being robust and reliable.  

Its unique gas seal system designed to have increased velocity without increasing the power of the round.  When the gun is cocked the entire cylinder cams forward against the barrel and this coupled with rounds that actually have the bullet sunk down below the rim of the brass, ensure that little gas escapes between the cylinder and the barrel.  This does impart around 100ft in extra velocity, but due to the increased complexity for this small gain in velocity it was not used on other mass produced designs.  

Another unusual feature of this gun is that it was made in both double action (pulling the trigger cocks and fires the gun) and single action (pulling the trigger only fires the gun so manual cocking is required).  The officers got double actions and enlisted personnel got single actions.  However, by WW II only double actions were being manufactured and most single actions had been converted to double action.   

Specifications

Version - Nagant M1895 Revolver - World War II Era

Caliber - 7.62x38R Nagant (Rimmed Gas Seal 7.62mm x 38mm round).

Frame - Forged Steel.

Action - Double Action Revolver.

Grips - Wood.

Barrel - 4.5”.

Overall Length - 10.5”.  

Weight - 1.8 lbs unloaded.

Magazines - 7 rd Integral Cylinder.

Sights - Notch and Ramp.

7.62x38R Cartridge from side and top, showing recessed bullet and gas seal rim at front.

3 Generations of Soviet Cold War Handguns.  From Top:  M1895 Nagant, M57 Tokarev, and Makarov

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